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Durio zibethinus (Durian) x Garcinia mangostana (Mangosteen) x Ananas comosus (Pineapple) x Citrus maxima (Pomelo)

Durio zibethinus (Durian) x Garcinia mangostana (Mangosteen) x Ananas comosus (Pineapple) x Citrus maxima (Pomelo)

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Durio zibethinus is the most common tree species in the genus Durio within the Mallows family. It is known as durian and has edible fruit also known as durian. Durio zibethinus is a tall tree with a straight trunk, rough bark and a large and irregular tree top. The bright yellow flowers are cauliflorous, produced in clusters of up to 30 flowers that bloom at night releasing a strong odour to attract its main pollinators, bats. The fruit, known as the King of Fruits in Southeast Asia, is covered by a hard and thorny husk ranging from green to brown. The edible yellow flesh of the fruit has a pungent smell that even penetrates the husk. While some people find the smell pleasant, many find it revolting. The strong aroma and creamy texture of the fruit make it an acquired taste. Different parts of the tree are used in cooking and found to have medicinal uses.

Garcinia mangostana, or mangosteen, also known as the purple mangosteen, is in the family Guttiferae. It is a tropical evergreen tree, native to Southeast Asia. It also grows in southwest India and other tropical areas such as Colombia, Puerto Rico and Florida. A description of Garcinia mangostana was included in Species Plantarum by Linnaeus in 1753. The tree grows 6–25 metres tall. The somewhat fibrous fruit of the Garcinia mangostana is white in colour, sweet, juicy and tangy, with an inedible, deep reddish-purple rind when ripe. In Southeast Asia, it is commonly known as the Queen of Fruits and is often paired with durian, the King of Fruits, as Chinese consider the mangosteen ‘cooling’, making it a good counterbalance to the ‘heaty’ durian. Various parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine, mainly in Southeast Asia. The extract of the peel is traditionally used in Indonesia as a source of natural dye for textiles.

Ananas comosus, commonly known as the pineapple, is a tropical plant with an edible fruit. It is the most economically important plant in the family Bromeliaceae. Native to South America, it has been cultivated for centuries. Ananas comosus was introduced to Europe in the 17th century and was considered a luxury. It is the third-most important tropical fruit in world production and from the 17th century, it was also grown for textile use. The plant grows as a small shrub approximately 1–2 metres tall and wide. Its leaves spiral in arrangement, with flowers on the ends of the unpollinated plant, which fuse together to form an edible multiple fruit. Ananas comosus is a seasonal fruit with a dense texture and is rich in vitamins, enzymes and antioxidants. It has an anti-inflammatory effect, protecting against colon cancer, macular degeneration and arthritis.

Citrus maxima, commonly known as the pomelo or pummelo, is the largest citrus fruit from the family Rutaceae and the main ancestor of the grapefruit. It is a citrus fruit, native to Southeast Asia. Citrus maxima is a low-branching, evergreen tree growing 5-10 metres tall with occasional specimens up to 15 metres. The tree is widely cultivated for its edible fruit in tropical and subtropical regions. It is usually eaten in Asia during festivals such as Mid-Autumn Festival as the shape of the fruit is auspicious and part of the peel may be candied. The aromatic flowers are used to make perfume and essential oil, and the fruit is a source of pectin. There are a number of medicinal applications using the leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds, including the treatment of coughs, fevers and gastric disorders.



100% Cotton based, 320g, Acid-free, No optical brighteners. 

Printed Area
A3, 297mm x 420mm – Approximately 246mm x 311mm

About the Collection

The Garden of Miss Joaquim Collection: Illustrated Botanical Prints

Agnes Joaquim was a Singapore-born Armenian who created what would become Singapore’s National Flower, the Vanda Miss Joaquim (scientific name: Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim), in 1893. The artificial hybrid was recognised by the first director of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, botanist Henry Ridley.

Agnes, the first woman in the world to create a hybrid orchid, was a well-known and successful horticulturist, garnering 70 horticultural awards from 1881 to 1899. The Garden of Miss Joaquim Collection of botanical prints commemorates her horticultural legacy and complements her story told in the book Agnes and Her Amazing Orchid.

In presenting Agnes’s award-winning plants in the illustrated collection, we looked at the newspaper records of the times, but they were of no use because they used common name descriptions of the plants, such as ‘rose’ and ‘durian’. So we turned to the Singapore Botanic Gardens and collaborated with a botanist to identify the likely species. To complete Agnes’s story, the collection includes two additional images: of Vanda Miss Joaquim’s parents, Papilionanthe teres (pod parent) and Papilionanthe hookeriana (pollen parent) — formerly in the genus Vanda — both of which may have been present in her award-winning floral bouquets or cut flowers. Waiwai Hove, a talented and respected botanical illustrator, was chosen to produce the prints.

*Disclaimer: Representative only based on subject. Not species definitive.
About the Illustrator

Born in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Waiwai Hove developed a love for nature from a young age. Growing up surrounded by rich tropical flora and nurtured by her mother, a keen gardener, Waiwai has always held a special place for plants in her childhood memories. She holds a diploma in botanical illustration from the Society of Botanical Artists (UK), graduating in 2013 with a distinction and the highest marks in the history of the course. 

She has since worked for the Singapore Botanic Gardens, where highlights include illustrations for ‘30 Heritage Trees’ and more recently ‘15 Gingers’. Four of Waiwai’s ginger paintings were subsequently used for a series of stamps issued by Singapore Post in 2018. Since 2019, Waiwai has begun working on the cover illustrations of 14 volumes of The Flora of Singapore, to be published over the next few years. Her works are in numerous private collections and can also be found in publications by the National Parks Board and in the Shirley Sherwood Collection in Kew Gardens, UK.