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Asplenium nidus (Bird’s-Nest Fern) x Codiaeum variegatum (Croton)
Asplenium nidus (Bird’s-Nest Fern) x Codiaeum variegatum (Croton)

Asplenium nidus (Bird’s-Nest Fern) x Codiaeum variegatum (Croton)

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Asplenium nidus is an epiphytic species of fern commonly known as bird’s-nest fern or nest fern, within the family Aspleniaceae. It is native to tropical Southeast Asia, eastern Australia, Hawaii, Polynesia, Christmas Island, India and east Africa. The large rosette or nest of large, simple green fronds is similar to banana leaves and is typically seen wedged in the branches of large trees. These ferns are not parasites and do not suck any water or nutrients off the host tree. It can thrive terrestrially, but usually grows on organic matter. It collects water and humus in the leaf rosette. Genus Asplenium means ‘without spleen’, a reference to the fern’s application as a cure for spleen ailments. In Malaysian traditional medicine, an infusion of the leaves is used to ease labour pains and a lotion obtained from the leaves is used to treat fever.

Codiaeum variegatum, commonly known as fire croton, garden croton or variegated croton, is a species of plant in the genus Codiaeum, within the family Euphorbiaceae. It is native to southern India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia and Australia, as well as the western Pacific. It is an ornamental, tropical, evergreen, hermaphrodite shrub growing to 3 metres tall with large, thick, leathery and shiny variegated leaves in autumnal colours. Appreciated for their striking foliage, crotons make attractive hedges and are often grown in pots on outdoor patios. In the East Indies, young leaves in some cultivars are used as a vegetable. The leaves are also used in traditional medicine to reduce swelling.



100% Cotton based, 320g, Acid-free, No optical brighteners. 

Printed Area
A3, 297mm x 420mm – Approximately 207mm x 342mm

About the Collection

The Garden of Miss Joaquim Collection: Illustrated Botanical Prints

Agnes Joaquim was a Singapore-born Armenian who created what would become Singapore’s National Flower, the Vanda Miss Joaquim (scientific name: Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim), in 1893. The artificial hybrid was recognised by the first director of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, botanist Henry Ridley.

Agnes, the first woman in the world to create a hybrid orchid, was a well-known and successful horticulturist, garnering 70 horticultural awards from 1881 to 1899. The Garden of Miss Joaquim Collection of botanical prints commemorates her horticultural legacy and complements her story told in the book Agnes and Her Amazing Orchid.

In presenting Agnes’s award-winning plants in the illustrated collection, we looked at the newspaper records of the times, but they were of no use because they used common name descriptions of the plants, such as ‘rose’ and ‘durian’. So we turned to the Singapore Botanic Gardens and collaborated with a botanist to identify the likely species. To complete Agnes’s story, the collection includes two additional images: of Vanda Miss Joaquim’s parents, Papilionanthe teres (pod parent) and Papilionanthe hookeriana (pollen parent) — formerly in the genus Vanda — both of which may have been present in her award-winning floral bouquets or cut flowers. Waiwai Hove, a talented and respected botanical illustrator, was chosen to produce the prints.

*Disclaimer: Representative only based on subject. Not species definitive.
About the Illustrator

Born in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Waiwai Hove developed a love for nature from a young age. Growing up surrounded by rich tropical flora and nurtured by her mother, a keen gardener, Waiwai has always held a special place for plants in her childhood memories. She holds a diploma in botanical illustration from the Society of Botanical Artists (UK), graduating in 2013 with a distinction and the highest marks in the history of the course. 

She has since worked for the Singapore Botanic Gardens, where highlights include illustrations for ‘30 Heritage Trees’ and more recently ‘15 Gingers’. Four of Waiwai’s ginger paintings were subsequently used for a series of stamps issued by Singapore Post in 2018. Since 2019, Waiwai has begun working on the cover illustrations of 14 volumes of The Flora of Singapore, to be published over the next few years. Her works are in numerous private collections and can also be found in publications by the National Parks Board and in the Shirley Sherwood Collection in Kew Gardens, UK.