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Asplenium nidus (Bird’s-Nest Fern) x Adiantum raddianum (Maidenhair Fern) x Selaginella plana (Selaginella) x Platycerium coronarium (Staghorn Fern)
Asplenium nidus (Bird’s-Nest Fern) x Adiantum raddianum (Maidenhair Fern) x Selaginella plana (Selaginella) x Platycerium coronarium (Staghorn Fern)

Asplenium nidus (Bird’s-Nest Fern) x Adiantum raddianum (Maidenhair Fern) x Selaginella plana (Selaginella) x Platycerium coronarium (Staghorn Fern)

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Asplenium nidus is an epiphytic species of fern commonly known as bird’s-nest fern or nest fern, within the family Aspleniaceae. It is native to tropical Southeast Asia, eastern Australia, Hawaii, Polynesia, Christmas Island, India and east Africa. The large rosette or nest of large, simple green fronds is similar to banana leaves and is typically seen wedged in the branches of large trees. These ferns are not parasites and do not suck any water or nutrients off the host tree. It can thrive terrestrially, but usually grows on organic matter. It collects water and humus in the leaf rosette. Genus Asplenium means ‘without spleen’, a reference to the fern’s application as a cure for spleen ailments. In Malaysian traditional medicine, an infusion of the leaves is used to ease labour pains and a lotion obtained from the leaves is used to treat fever.

Adiantum raddianum, common name delta maidenhair fern or maidenhair fern, is a very popular indoor fern. Its common name comes from the shiny black stalks that resemble human hair. In the family Polypodiales, it is a delicate fern native to tropical and subtropical South America. The fern is short-creeping with irregularly-branched rhizomes and grows terrestrially on rocks, erecting arching triangular-shaped fronds up to 50 centimetres high, with many light green pinnate leaves. The triangular fronds are semi-erect at the base and arch over gracefully as they mature. It has been quite widely introduced elsewhere as an ornamental and now occurs in Asia, Africa and the Pacific. Adiantum raddianum is named for the Italian botanist Giuseppe Raddi (1770-1829).

Selaginella plana, commonly known as Asian spike moss, is the sole genus of vascular plants in the family Selaginellaceae. They grow in the tropical regions of Asia, including India, Indochina, Indonesia and Malaysia. Native populations are found in Tanzania. This family is distinguished by having scale-leaves bearing a ligule and by having two types of spores. The fronds are green and scaly, and its stems long and wiry, creating a fuzzy appearance. The epithet plana means ‘flat’, referring to the surface of the fronds. It is a bushy herbaceous ornamental that grows up to 6 metres and is suitable as ground cover. It spreads by creeping underground rhizomes.

Platycerium coronarium, common name staghorn or elkhorn fern due to its uniquely shaped fronds, is an epiphytic species in the genus Platycerium within the polyfond family, Polypodiaceae is native to the tropical and temperate parts of South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia and New Guinea. It produces two kinds of leaves: broad and upright, growing together to form a crown-like basket to trap leaf detritus from the host tree; and spore-bearing leaves that are narrow, pendulous, dichotomously lobed and can grow up to 4.6 metres in length. They are found settled on upper branches of mature trees in mangroves, lowland rainforest and roadsides. In traditional Malay medicine, the ashes are used as a rub to treat enlarged spleens.



100% Cotton based, 320g, Acid-free, No optical brighteners. 

Printed Area
A3, 297mm x 420mm – Approximately 246mm x 311mm

About the Collection

The Garden of Miss Joaquim Collection: Illustrated Botanical Prints

Agnes Joaquim was a Singapore-born Armenian who created what would become Singapore’s National Flower, the Vanda Miss Joaquim (scientific name: Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim), in 1893. The artificial hybrid was recognised by the first director of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, botanist Henry Ridley.

Agnes, the first woman in the world to create a hybrid orchid, was a well-known and successful horticulturist, garnering 70 horticultural awards from 1881 to 1899. The Garden of Miss Joaquim Collection of botanical prints commemorates her horticultural legacy and complements her story told in the book Agnes and Her Amazing Orchid.

In presenting Agnes’s award-winning plants in the illustrated collection, we looked at the newspaper records of the times, but they were of no use because they used common name descriptions of the plants, such as ‘rose’ and ‘durian’. So we turned to the Singapore Botanic Gardens and collaborated with a botanist to identify the likely species. To complete Agnes’s story, the collection includes two additional images: of Vanda Miss Joaquim’s parents, Papilionanthe teres (pod parent) and Papilionanthe hookeriana (pollen parent) — formerly in the genus Vanda — both of which may have been present in her award-winning floral bouquets or cut flowers. Waiwai Hove, a talented and respected botanical illustrator, was chosen to produce the prints.

*Disclaimer: Representative only based on subject. Not species definitive.
About the Illustrator

Born in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Waiwai Hove developed a love for nature from a young age. Growing up surrounded by rich tropical flora and nurtured by her mother, a keen gardener, Waiwai has always held a special place for plants in her childhood memories. She holds a diploma in botanical illustration from the Society of Botanical Artists (UK), graduating in 2013 with a distinction and the highest marks in the history of the course. 

She has since worked for the Singapore Botanic Gardens, where highlights include illustrations for ‘30 Heritage Trees’ and more recently ‘15 Gingers’. Four of Waiwai’s ginger paintings were subsequently used for a series of stamps issued by Singapore Post in 2018. Since 2019, Waiwai has begun working on the cover illustrations of 14 volumes of The Flora of Singapore, to be published over the next few years. Her works are in numerous private collections and can also be found in publications by the National Parks Board and in the Shirley Sherwood Collection in Kew Gardens, UK.